Rising Demand for Hospital Sterilisers in Developing Countries

Hospital sterilizers are typically used in healthcare facilities and are equipment that uses steam under pressure to retard any harmful bacteria, viruses, fungi, and spores present on any item required for use.  They are used all over the world and highly customizable. The sterilization cycles are advanced with all its components meeting the highest quality standards and with the most advanced technologies available across the globe.

Reason for the Rising demand for Hospital Sterilizers in Developing Countries

Developing countries owing to their population are highly prone to chronic disease and with the considerable increase in surgical procedures the need to disinfect and sterilize medical devices has become inevitable. There has been a rising awareness in consumers about the prevention of ( HAI- hospital-acquired infections) and the government in these developing countries has also adopted a lot of regulations to boost the adaption of hospital grade sterilization devices across hospitals and health care facilities. Another factor that can be attributed to the rising demand is that sterilization equipment manufacturers are consistently aiming to develop technically advanced devices to gain a competitive edge.

Table Top EOT Sterilizer

They have been implementing various strategies to increase the global presence as they have felt the need to educate citizens about their well-being. The rising need for sanitization in the ongoing Covid 19 pandemic has further strengthened their belief and enhanced the demand for hospital sterilization equipment During the outbreak patient to patient pathogen transmission via medical devices can be precisely prevented. In developing countries, the high demand for sterilization equipment is also witnessed from the pharmaceutical industry for the reason of ensuring the efficacy of the final product. This also has been a key factor in driving its massive share in the market.

The growing prevalence of focus on health care facilities across the developing countries along with a rising pattern in their per capita expenditure on healthcare has been promoting the market for Sterilisers of Hospitals. Their need is realized in surgical centers, long-term care facilities nursing homes, and rehabilitation centers. In the geriatric population, infants and patients with low immunity are prone to HAI. Developing countries with their population base have found an increase in the incidence of chronic diseases like diabetes and cancer inbound to increase the hospital admission rates, indirectly contributing massively to the demand for hospital sterilization equipment. The lack of sanitation leading to more medical complications is anticipated to increase its demand further.

Future of Hospital Sterilisers

Looking at the future, ETO sterilization is bound to grow at a faster pace due to its efficient turnaround cycles. This device has a simple user interface that all hospitals can operate, have access to and afford. The Ethylene Oxide gas sterilizers provide a robust patient safeguard and are safe. It does not damage the device during the sterilization process as this equipment is expensive and high-tech which are obtained by developing countries. The ETO machines comply with international standards and the main advantage of this technology is that it has high efficacy, penetrating capability, excellent materials compatibility, and low cost in use. The increase of vaccines production to combat Covid 19 boosts the demand for ETO sterilization chambers. The reasons undoubtedly for a growing trend in the market are the rising expenditure in the medical field, cutthroat competition, new product launches, expansion of health ministry as well as health projects in developing countries.

ETO Steriliser – Export Market Overview for Medical Sterility Equipment

Ethylene Oxide is a very efficient sterilizing agent as well as a bactericide, sporicide, and viricide. Its properties include a very favourable diffusion coefficient and are used for thermosensitive or very delicate materials. The ETO processing is widely used for the sterilization of health care devices and instruments. This process involves exposure to ethylene oxide gas under a vacuum in a sealed chamber to ensure that a safe and sterile product is delivered to the market every time.

Key factors driving the ETO Sterilizer market globally

Sterilization Equipment usage is classified based on the end-user where major users are reported to be hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and medical device companies. The use entails the destroying of all forms of microbial life and transmissible agents. The driving factors of sterilization services are increasing due to the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections and the increasing number of surgical procedures worldwide. Also, the development opportunities in emerging countries have a positive effect on the growth of the market in the forecast years. Technological advancement in recent years is projected to increase the demand even further. The indirect demand for the ETO Sterilisation is also increasing because rising cases of chronic illness, elderly population, and pediatric care are the main factors leading to an increased demand for advanced health care facilities.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer

The geographical region dominating the use of ETO sterilizers is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. These geographical areas have focused majorly on lifestyle betterment and export to these countries hold a major share in the Indian markets. They are appreciated for dimensional accuracy, leak-proof behavior, chemical, and heat resistant features.

Trends challenges and barriers that will impact the development and sizing of the Global ETO market– High installation and utility costs associated with sterilization technologies along with an increase in regulatory pressures especially in the pandemic has been a challenge in the growth of this market but continuous advancements, ideas, and  Research and development activities have helped overcome the hurdles in Indian Market. The global increase in economic growth rate is expected to increase government support for Sterility Medical Device to prevent infections worldwide.

Industrial ETO Sterilizer
Industrial ETO Sterilizer

Market Overview– The Global Sterilisation Market was valued at $ 5768 million in 2015 and researchers expect it to reach $ 8578 million by 2022 growing at a CAGR of 5.8% from 2016 to 2022. In India, Ethylene Oxide gas sterilizer demand is anticipated to achieve a healthy CAGR of 6.8% by the year 2025 while the demand in 2019 stood at 1615 thousand tonnes. The usage of reprocessed equipment to sterilize medical devices across the globe is expected to rise during the pandemic and afterward since improper decontamination of surgical instruments, endoscopic devices, and respiratory devices can increase the chances of Covid 19 or the new variants. End users like hospitals and medical device companies are increasingly adopting sterilization services throughout their production lines due to mandates introduced by government and regulatory bodies to maintain compliance with good manufacturing practices( GMP). With an increasing focus on personal hygiene, face masks and gloves, and single-use products are further expected to drive the growth of sterilization in coming years. Based on the method, the sterilization markets have been categorized into ETO, gamma sterilization, e –beam radiation sterilization, steam sterilization, and x-ray sterilization.  However, the ETO sterilization segment has accounted for the largest share of sterilization services in 2020 in the world( based on the study of globnewswire.com).

The state-of-the-art equipment technology with unmatched features and exemplary customer support has helped to improvise and introduce innovative designs that can cater to the global markets.

Measures Adopted by Hospitals for Sterilization and Its Benefits

Hospital Steriliser-Disinfection and sterilization of hospitals are essential to ensure that medical and surgical instruments do not transmit infectious pathogens. Sterilization is the complete elimination or destruction of all forms of microbial life and is accomplished in hospitals by physical and chemical processes. One such advanced method is the use of ETO Sterilisers to sterilize surgical equipment and hospital supplies that are heat sensitive or that cannot tolerate excess moisture. The ETO sterilization or the hospital sterilizers can be used to sterilize most rubber or plastic products like catheters and most resuscitation bags, anaesthesia masks, most fibre-optic instruments.

Process of ETO Sterilisation– The basic sterilization cycle consists of five stages like preconditioning and humidification, gas introduction, exposure, evacuation, and air washes, and takes approximately two to two and half hours which includes aeration time. Ethylene oxide sterilizers are comprised of a sterilizing chamber with an air inlet that includes a bacteria retentive filter, a steam inlet, gas conditioner, vacuum pump, ETO cylinder, and a vacuum system to vent the gas from the chamber to an exhausting drain directly out. The microbicidal activity of ETO steriliser is considered to be the result of the alkylation of protein, DNA, and RNA. Alkylation or the replacement of a hydrogen atom with an alkyl group, within cells prevents normal cellular metabolism and replication which can reduce the chances of spread of infection.

Operating steps– Whichever hospital equipment needs to be sterilized is cleaned of contaminants and rinsed with distilled water to remove any detergent or tap water residue. The items are then placed inside the sterilized chamber for the duration of the process.

Industrial ETO Sterilizer Machine

Benefits of ETO Sterilisation

  • Low Temperature- With minimal temperature, the main advantage of this hospital sterilizer is that it can sterilize heat- or moisture-sensitive medical equipment without deleterious effects on the material used in the medical devices.
  • High Efficiency- This sterilization equipment for the hospital can destroy any microorganisms including the most resistant of spores.
  • Large Sterilisation Volume- It can handle a huge volume due to a sizeable chamber.
  • Eliminates the spread of infection- There may be many unidentified substances on hospital equipment and surgical instruments. To avoid any risk of infection, sterilizing hospital equipment is the best solution as any breeding ground for surviving germs is eliminated.
  • Safety of Equipment- In hospitals, high precision tools, and expensive instruments are used and for their long-term safety and longevity, the hospital sterilizer must be used so that they do not have a corrosion-related problem.

A hospital sterilizer is a key to the sterilization of medical instruments used in hospitals for everyday surgery procedures and patient services. It has become a modern medical care instrument and hospital sterilization companies, as well as manufacturers, specialize in fully automatic hospital sterilizers with high quality and high tech features. They have successfully been focusing on quality and setting high standards for the manufacture and designing of sterilization equipment for the hospital.

Importance of Hospital Sterilisers– WHO (World Health Organisation) strongly advises all medical facilities to sterilize instruments that may have come in contact with fluids that originate from inside the body. The sterilization for the hospital is vital for all parties involved like the doctors and patients alike. There should be a fail-safe precaution in a place where any (HAI- Healthcare-associated infection) is eliminated.

Ethylene Oxide Sterilization Guideline for Healthcare Industries

Sterilization is the process of eliminating micro-organisms that includes resistant bacteria and other allergens. This process requires specialized sterilizer machines to achieve the desired results. If you are thinking about how this process works and why it is critical for various industry sectors, here’s a guide to help you!

Evolution of the Sterilization Technology

For achieving effective results, you need to pay attention to the method and the equipment used. The process of sterilization has evolved over the years, and new techniques are gaining popularity over traditional ones. Getting rid of contaminants from critical medical equipment is essential. Hence, monitoring the process is vital.

New methods include ethylene oxide sterilizer, ionizing radiation, and many more. Out of all the methods mentioned, ethylene oxide sterilizers are a common sterilization technique for medical devices.

What is Ethylene Oxide?

The versatile ethylene oxide is an alkylating gas with high penetrating properties. It is capable of eliminating most viruses, bacteria, and other bacterial spores. Due to its beneficial properties, it is a common agent used in chemical sterilization. Since it is available in the gas form, it penetrates rapidly into the packaging and the items that need sterilization. Ethylene oxide sterilizers are popular because they are compatible with most materials.

Why is Ethylene Oxide Used to Sterilize Medical Devices?

As mentioned above, ethylene oxide sterilizers is an alkylating agent that is effective in eliminating bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Most traditional processes such as steam or dry-heat are only convenient for heat-stable and non-aqueous materials. Moreover, traditional methods can alter the physical properties of the products. On the other hand, EO sterilizers are ideal for thermo-sensitive materials. With advanced ETO sterilization machines and professional expertise, you can reduce the time taken for process completion.

What Devices are Sterilized With Ethylene Oxide?

Using safe and secure medical devices is essential for preventing any infection and ensuring the safety of the patient. There are a variety of medical devices that use ethylene oxide gas sterilizers. They can be medical devices for general health care practices, such as wound dressings and syringes, or they can be for healthcare devices for specific body areas such as prosthetics and stents. You can also use the ethylene oxide sterilizer for surgical equipment and supplies that cannot tolerate heat or excessive moisture.

How EO Processing Occurs?

For optimum results, you need to make sure that appropriate sterilization conditions are determined. The EO processing occurs when the following parameters are considered:

  • Gas Concentration- Since the nature of ethylene oxide is volatile, they are mixed with suitable inert gases.
  • Temperature- You should monitor the temperature to ensure that the device material does not deteriorate.
  • Humidity- ethylene oxide gas sterilizers require sufficient humidity.
  • Exposure time-You should let the exposure time exceed than required.

How Does the ETO Sterilization Cycle Occur?

With the help of a reliable ETO sterilizer manufacturer, you can ensure that the process works efficiently and delivers the best results. The ETO sterilization phase consists of the three following steps:

  1. Conditioning- Provide appropriate heating and humidity conditions for the stimulation of microbial growth. You need to ensure that the temperature conditions are set effectively.
  2. Sterilization- At this stage, the device is introduced to the agent at the specified temperature range, RH%, and pressure levels.
  3. Ventilation- The residual particles are taken out.

Microbicidal Activity of ETO

Ethylene oxide sterilizers are popular in the healthcare industry since they have excellent microbicidal activity. That means the ETO process has high efficacy for eliminating resistant bacterial spores.

What Are the Advantages of Ethylene Oxide Sterilization?

Ethylene oxide sterilizers are a low-temperature technique and one of the industry’s favorite for good reasons. They have shown commendable results in eradicating the traces of bacteria spores and many microorganisms from critical medical devices that cannot withstand heat and moisture. The gentle yet thorough nature of these hospital sterilizers results in lower residue levels. This leads to shorter aeration time.

Furthermore, the flexibility in temperature monitoring helps you to sterilize multiple devices and materials. Advanced machinery can be useful to shorten the exposure time and get desired results faster.

Industrial ETO Sterilizer

Are There Any Guidelines for Sterilization in the Healthcare Industry?

Yes. There are FDA guidelines on the use of hospital sterilizers. The guidelines state how to develop, validate, and control different processes for the sterilization of various medical devices. It also guides you about the acceptable residue level after the process. These standards are available in detail for the safety and security of the patients. Some sterilizing agents can be dangerous to handle. Hence, conducting the process under the FDA regulation is critical. It will ensure that the agents on the medical devices are within safe limits.

Global Demand of Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilizer

Ethylene oxide sterilizers are experiencing a surge in demand, thanks to their efficient results. With the rapid advancement of technology, they can even reach complicated areas. Their cost-effectiveness also has enhanced their global demand. The healthcare industry is rapidly adopting this modern sterilizing technology, and are moving forward with it to tackle infectious microorganisms.

Growing Demand of Industrial ETO Sterilizer

Many factors contribute to the rise of ETO sterilizers. They penetrate through the surface of the breathable material and eradicate various microorganisms for the best quality assurance. If you are in the healthcare industry and looking for the best hospital sterilizers, this technique is the ideal choice for you. It continues to be the contemporary technology for the sterilization of modern medical devices worldwide.

Where Are Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilizers Used?

Ethylene oxide gas sterilizers have seen an overwhelming usage across various industrial verticals. They are popular in the chemical industry, laparoscopy and endoscopy use, surgical medical devices, and ophthalmic use. By consulting with a reputed ETO sterilizer manufacturer, you can customize the machine as per your requirements for your unique application.

Is Using ETO Sterilizers Safe?

Ethylene oxide is available in gas form and can be volatile if not treated carefully. While ETO sterilizers are the best agent available for bacteria elimination, they require professional handling to achieve the desired results. You will need safety equipment during the process and ensure that the exposure time is ideal. Furthermore, you need to follow the FDA guidelines for the safety and security of your employees.

Are ETO Sterilization Machines Reliable?

Yes, they are reliable and make the process easier. ETO sterilization machines have advanced features to ensure that the sterilization process helps you reduce the cycle time. Accurate gas concentration and temperature uniformity, with safety features make them an ideal choice in the healthcare industry.

How to Choose the Best Sterilization Technique?

With the advent of cutting edge technologies, it is possible to ensure the complete sterilization of critical medical devices. However, you need to consider some key parameters. The compatibility of the material with the sterilizers and the compliance with the regulatory rules is vital for the choosing the technology. ETO sterilizers are a popular choice among medical professionals and are cost-effective. Moreover, various sterilizer machines can help you achieve precise results with a limited time.

Role of ETO Sterilizer for Modern Needs

Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilisation (ETO) is a gas that is colourless and flammable and can sterilize heat or moisture-sensitive medical equipment without any side effects on the material used in the medical device. The role that the ETO sterilizer machine plays has increased doubly in the context of the Covid situation. With the pandemic affecting millions of people, ETO steriliser plays a very critical role in protecting patients and health care workers. ETO is the safest way to sterilize medical devices and helpful in preventing infections and ensuring patients have the safest of surgeries and medical treatments.

Table Top ETO Sterilizer
Table Top ETO Sterilizer

Medical devices vary as per shape and size and complexity and hence Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer remains the only option. There are options like steam, radiation, and other sterilants but they do not guarantee assurance. The main advantages of ETO sterilisers are that there is no material degradation and the hazardous risks are reduced. FDA quality regulations insist that all ETO sterilizer manufacturers validate their ETO machines in compliance with international standards. Covid has upset many situations be it health finance or social. In this context, sterilization has a bigger and more frequent role to play. What was probably done in a certain frequency, Covid now demands sterilization more frequently.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer
Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer

ETO sterilization process –Ethylene Oxide which is gas is permeable through most devices and at low temperature and through vacuum-based technique can sterilize the majority of the equipment. This hospital sterilization consists of four variables like gas concentration, humidity, temperature, and time. What makes it unique is that even sterilizes the packaging material like the cartons and the boxes in which it is packed. The basic ETO sterilization cycle consists of five stages (i.e., preconditioning and humidification, gas introduction, exposure, evacuation, and air washes) and takes approximately 2 1/2 hours excluding aeration time.

Role in Covid circumstances – Masks and gloves have become compulsory paraphernalia to our living and synonymous with our existence. Syringes, gowns, masks, catheters, and respiratory devices are few classic examples that can be sterilized by ETO sterilization. This can target viruses, bacteria, and other micro-organisms. This contributes to the hygiene as well as the mental security of the patients and the medical staff or whoever enters the premises and gets in contact with the equipment. The expiry date of the sterilization usually ranges up to 2 months but can be extended to a shelf of six to twelve months with commercially available plastic covers and this is also an effective tool in battling against the pandemic called Covid 19.

How it can combat Covid 19– The microbicidal activity of ETO is considered to be the result of the alkylation of protein, DNA, and RNA. Alkylation or the replacement of a hydrogen atom with an alkyl group, within cells prevents normal cellular metabolism and replication which can reduce the chances of spread.

Uses of ETO – A lot of health care facilities and also the industrial uses that are critical and semi-critical are moisture and heat sensitive and cannot be sterilized by the steaming process. The industrial ETO sterlisers contributes towards hospital, laboratories and medical college’s sterilization machinery. A lot of Pharmaceutical and Food industry also finds the Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilizers very effective.

Before the ETO is done, aeration is done to remove any residues and most of the modern machines combine sterilization and aeration in the same chamber.

Rational use of ETO – Based on the current research, Covid 19 is transmitted between people through close contact and droplets. Airborne transmission may also occur and it is our sole responsibility and the use of such facilities supports and keeps humankind very safe. Environmental and engineering control aims at preventing contamination with total cleaning and disinfection. These standard practices are been adopted worldwide. The progress in this field has been immense and with the current research and development, it remains a very promising field to explore.

Need For ETO Sterilizer In The Covid 19 Situation

Covid 19 situation has affected a lot of things. Now, every industry needs extra precautions to protect their machines and the workers from various viruses such as the Coronavirus. One of the most major precautions that most of the industries are already practicing or should practice so that no virus factors can create a negative effect on the industries is the sterilization process. Well, ETO sterilizer is reliable equipment that industries can prefer to maintain safety and hygiene for a longer period. Here are the various points that will explain from different aspects, why it has become necessary for every industry to invest in equipment like Ethylene Oxide sterilizer in today’s time.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer

The Ethylene oxide gas sterilizer is an equipment that has the ability to sterilize a particular room or even a broader area in no time. This EO sterilizer works on a less temperature gas process, where this sterilizing machine releases gas in the environment so that it helps the surrounding area to be clean, safe, hygienic by eliminating all the corrupt bacteria, germs, and viruses of different kinds.

As this Covid 19 virus can be spread through various things, one of the major reasons is physical contact with any kind of surface regardless of its material or any other properties. Therefore it is necessary to sterilize the entire industries with the help of an EO sterilizer. Not only will the sterilizing machine help in sterilizing the area, but also will sterilize each and every equipment in the industry.

Table Top ETO Sterilizer

Before the current Covid 19 situation, the ETO sterilization machine was only used by the hospitals and very few industries to keep their equipment sterilized but as the ongoing pandemic can be spread in various ways, a lot of industries have also started using these industrial ETO sterilizersto be on the safer side. Hence, here mentioned are a few of the industries where the ETO sterilizers have made a relationship with the industries.


The pharmaceutical industries have created a relationship with these Ethylene Oxide gas sterilizers to give a complete protection to the equipment used in the industries such as the tablet making machine, vial fillers, capping and sealing machine, and every other machine used in pharmaceutical industries. It is because, discontinued production in pharmaceutical industries can affect a lot of people, as different types of drugs, tablets, fluids, and vaccines has to be manufactured and supplied globally. Therefore, pharmaceutical industries are using Ethylene Oxide sterilizers to avoid viruses on their industrial equipment.


The food processing industries have a different kind of relationship with the EO sterilizer because the food ingredients that are made on various machines and equipment should be sanitized and should be germ/virus-free as the edible items are consumed by millions and billions of people on a daily basis. Hence, this sterilizing process doesn’t affect the food by any means which means it is safe to use the industrial ETO sterilizer in food processing and manufacturing industries.

As all the above points show how much, the need for sterilization and sanitization is rising day by day due to the ongoing Covid 19 phase, it is mandatory to use the right type of EO sterilizer from the reliable ETO sterilizer manufacturer to preserve industries and their equipment.

Application of ETO Sterilizer in Bio-Science Field

ETO Sterilization is a process of reducing the level of infection particles with the use of Ethylene Oxide gas at a very low temperature. ETO Sterilization is fundamentally utilized in gas structure and it can likewise be blended in with substances like CO2 or steam. It is generally used for things that can’t withstand the glow of common autoclave purification, for instance, plastic. The essential physical parameters to be checked are temperature and relative wetness.

Generally, ETO Sterilization process is done on three stages, which are mentioned below

  • Preconditioning Process: In this process infectious agents are taken out in a provided temperature and humid condition.

  • Sterilization Process: During this process, precise temperature control is significant and a hot jacket is utilized. As the general span of this cycle is around 60 hours, high accessibility of the framework is indispensable and framework repetition is required.

  • Aeration: it is a process in which air in the sterilization chamber is used to remove ETO gas. There is a separate room where this process takes place.

Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer Application in Life Science

Ethylene oxide sterilizer is used by companies in the sector of life science like manufacturers of medical devices, various laboratories. It is strong, safe to utilize, and the most practical low temperature. In the industry of biomedical research, ethylene oxide sterilizer are used to sterilize the cages and racks for reprocessing and also for various equipment.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer
Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer

Hospital Sterilizer for Medical Devices

This industry has various applications, mainly it is used for sterilizing various medical equipment. In hospitals where medical equipment like surgical tools, syringes, and bandages are used, there is a need to sterilize this equipment to keep them safe and hygienic. This equipment is cleaned effectively to prevent the spread of any disease from one patient to another. Sterilizing these medical devices removes germs, bacteria, and disinfects them for prior use.

Ethylene Oxide Gas Sterilizer for Test Labs

This is very necessary and widely used in test labs, the ethylene oxide gas sterilizer is used to minimize the exposure to residuals of Ethylene Oxide. There is a standard of testing medical devices that must be maintained at the time of testing. It is mandatory to maintain those standards of the sterilization process. This sterilization process ensures that the testing equipment is safe for human use.

EO Sterilizer for Tissue Banks

In recent times sterilization for the animal, human, and synthetic tissue-related products are very much growing. Tissue banks and tissue makers have started looking for terminal sanitization for their items because of expanded administrative investigation just as the craving for cleaner and more secure items.

ETO Sterilizer for Animal Research and Spices

Ethylene oxide is utilized as a cleaning operator and in the production of synthetic concoctions. In animal research or tests, ethylene oxide seems to have regenerative poisonous impacts at high fixations. Epidemiologic perceptions among medical clinic staff or dental staff are occupied with sanitizing instruments with this operator recommend a relationship between introduction to ethylene oxide and there is a chance of miscarriage during birth.

Hospital Sterilizer – Safeguarding the Internal Hospital Environment

Hospitals are always preoccupied with multiple patients engrossed with deadly diseases. Not only other patients but the visitors too are vulnerable to the infections. Therefore the air needs to be purified regularly with the help of purifiers and Sterilizer. The sterilizer is devices that reduce the number of active microorganisms either by killing or attenuation. By reducing the power of the microbes it is ensured that there will be lesser chances of exposing the people towards getting an infection.

ETO Sterilization

EO in EO Sterilisers stands out for Ethylene Oxide which is a gaseous compound known to possess sterilizing potential at a very low temperature.  High temperature is a natural sterilizer as most microbes cannot withstand high temperature, hence they die, but at low temperatures, there is a need for an external sterilizing agent. Ethylene Oxide is a colorless and poisonous gas that attacks the cellular protein and nucleic acid of microorganisms. It is therefore commonly used to sterilize instruments with long tubes like endoscopes and all materials that cannot be sterilized by steam.  EO sterilization machines are operated at a temperature of 25 – 55°C. A lower temperature will eventually lead to longer exposure time making the process less efficient.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer
Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer
Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer for Hospitals (Hospital Sterilizer)

Ethylene oxide gas Sterilizer is used in Hospitals so it is also called as hospital sterilizer and has been used for around 40 years to sterilize surgical equipment and supplies that can be heat sensitive or cannot tolerate excess moisture content.

Ethylene oxide Sterilizer comprises a sterilizing chamber that has an air inlet containing a bacteria obstructive filter, a steam inlet, gas conditioner, an Ethylene Oxide gas cylinder and a vacuum system to release the gas from the chamber through drain outlet.

Table Top ETO Sterilizer
Table Top ETO Sterilizer

ETO Sterilizer for Hospitals is fitted with the chambers that need to be heated up by electrical resistance or through the steam contained in a jacket surrounding this chamber. The sterilization cycle is a four-phase process namely conditioning, sterilizing, exhaust, and air purge. In the conditioning phase, a vacuum pump rejects air from the chamber and allows the controlled release of moisture or steam through the chamber heating system, raising the relative humidity. An EtO diluent mixture is inserted into the chamber after the process of humidification triggering the exposure phase. In the third phase, the exhaust phase, the vacuum system vents out the gas from the chamber to outside. Most Ethylene oxide gas Sterilizer revives the chamber with fresh and filtered air to prevent extra gas buildup from the items that are degassing inside the chamber. The sterilized contents are then aerated to remove any EtO residue inside the sterilizer chamber.

Automatic ETO Sterilizer in Hospitals is required to sterilize the surgical instruments, plastic and electrical tools that are used for various purposes. The surgical area is usually covered with equipment that cannot be steam-sterilized. Therefore the EO sterilizes medical devices to omit the chances of vulnerability. Hospitals prefer gas sterilization and therefore EO Sterilizer proves effective enough for complete safety.

ETO Sterilizer to Ensure the Hospital Sanitation

Sterilization is the process to eliminate the presence of undesirable microorganisms to reduce the chances of harmful infections. So it is a process of deactivating the biological forms of life. Heat, Chemicals, Filtration, High Pressure, etc. are the methods to attain sterilization. However,  there are multiple ways to ensure that the surrounding environment is microbes free and some of these methods are Sanitization, Pasteurization, Disinfection. Post disinfection the cleansed object is termed as sterile.

Types of ETO Sterilizer and Its Implacability

Steam sterilizer, may it be electric sterilizer or microwave steam sterilizer, Autoclave, Gas Sterilizer, etc. are frequently used in hospitals. Gas Sterilizer is quite in fashion and has been used in Hospitals for 40 years. One such example is EO Sterilizer. Ethylene Oxide is an antimicrobial agent that eradicates any chance of microbial survival in the object. It is an alternate device available to the objects in the hospital which cannot be disinfected through any other methods. EO Sterilizers were first invented in the 1950s and have a working temperature of 25- 55 degrees Celcius, consuming an operating time of 16-18 hours and effectiveness of 80-90 % ceasing the microbial activity.

Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer
Fully Automatic ETO Sterilizer

Hospital Sterilizer is one of the powerful tools that kill the microorganisms in a controlled environment. Small EO sterilizers are also used to organize material compatibility solutions and even qualify these products for most challenging parameters such as at special low temperature or low humidity where EO cycles can be modified and validated to avoid the issue of material compatibility. Hospital sterilizers are large in size generally in the size of 20 L, 25L, 38L or even 50 L.  At Hospitals, EO Sterilize medical instruments that are used in healthcare facilities where it is compulsory to make critical items sterile before use, which is sensitive to moisture or heat. Heat sensitive items are generally disinfected by steam sterilization but there are certain other instruments that can only be sterilized by EO Sterilizer.

Industrial ETO Sterilizer Manufacturers & global demand

Industrial EO Sterilizer Manufacturers use stainless steel to build a robust body framework of sterilizer with automatic function, multi-cycle option and screen touch operation which makes it easy to regulate. Industrial ETO Sterilizer Exporters today have a huge potential market to unleash their product in the target market. The current trend in the global market was projected at $ 43 million and is expected to be in the range of $52 million, growing at an annual rate of 3.2%. The ASEAN nations, North American Countries, Some Asian countries, etc. have been opening the market for hospital sterilizer to ensure a safe environment at Hospitals. Some Industrial ETO Sterilizer manufacturers also manufacture separate ETO Gas cartridge which to are in great demand in hospitals for a refill. The reasons behind the growing trend in the market for Hospital Sterilizers include rising expenditure in the medical field, cut-throat competition, new product launch, expansion of health ministry as well as health projects in developing countries.

Factors to Consider While Choosing Right ETO Sterilizer

Ethylene Oxide Sterilization is one of the most popular methods used for low temperature sterilization of medical devices. Choosing the right sterilization method is very important in developing medical equipments. Usage of inappropriate and inefficient sterilization method can lead to the non-clearance of the medical equipment from regulatory bodies. In addition, the lack of proper sterilization can result in infectious diseases causing patient illness.

Importance of ETO Sterilizer for Medical Equipment Manufacturers

Ethylene Oxide Sterilizer is one of the preferred choices among medical equipment manufacturers. Steam sterilization and heat sterilization require the medical equipment to be heat stable, whereas ETO Sterilizer can effectively sterilize medical equipment with different types of materials such as metal, rubber, plastics, glass, etc. ETO Sterilization machine used ethylene oxide gas as an alkaline agent that reacts with DNA to disrupt cell growth and kills the microorganisms. Moreover, it can also go into small unreachable places inside medical equipments. Because of the research and development activities performed by leading ETO Sterilizer manufacturers and suppliers, today a wide range of automatic ETO Sterilizer available offering effective sterilization.

Same as other sterilization techniques, Ethylene Oxide Sterilization also has its drawbacks. EO Sterilizers use ethylene oxide gas, which is not only toxic to humans, but also highly reactive at low temperatures. So, it is very critical that the process is completed in a leakproof chamber. Additionally, it is more complex as compared to other methods as it needs to complete its three process stages – Preconditioning, Sterilization and Aeration.

Important Factors To Consider While Selecting the Right ETO Sterilization Machine

Choosing the right sterilizer can be a complex task. There are some important factors that need to be considered while selecting the right sterilizer as per your needs.

Type of Machine:

It is important to look for the type of machine which is most suitable based on your needs. While using the manual sterilization machine, you need to set the sterilizer to fill the position so that the water flows into the chamber. As soon as it overflows, you need to load the sterilizer and close the door and lock the door safely. After that right temperature needs to be set depending on the type of material to be sterilized. On the other hand, Automatic ETO Sterilizer can be simply operated by pressing a button. You just need to select the sterilization settings and the water automatically flows into the chamber.

Chamber Size:

Chamber size is one of the very important aspects that need to be looked for while selecting the sterilizer. The clear understanding of the amount of medical equipment to be sterilized can help you in deciding the chamber size of the sterilizer suitable for your needs. It can be easily figured out by observing the daily activities at your facility.

The Material of Medical Equipments:

It is very important to factor in the material of the medical equipment needed to be sterilized. There are some temperature-sensitive medical instruments which can’t be sterilized with heat sterilization. But, they can be sterilized effectively with ETO sterilizer. Hence, the material of medical equipment plays a vital role in the selection of sterilizers.